|A gasoline blending component composed of isobutane and propylene or butylene.
|Reports the aromatics content of a mixture.
|Alaska North Slope
|American Petroleum Institute
|An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products devised jointly by the American Petroleum Institute and the National Bureau of Standards. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API. Oil with the least specific gravity has the highest API gravity. The formula for determining API Gravity is as follows: Degrees API Gravity= (141.5/Specific Gravity at 60 Deg. F) – 131.5
|Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp
|Group of petrochemicals characterized by a ring structure, they are produced in refinery reformers and petrochemical plants. The most commonly traded are benzene, toluene and xylenes. They are used for chemical production or as high-octane components for gasoline blending.
|A mixture of bitumen and mineral aggregate as prepared for the construction of roads or in other paving uses. in the US it refers to the product that is known as bitumen in the rest of the world.
|High octane aviation gasoline used in piston type aircraft engines.
|Market situation where prices are highest in the nearest date periods and are lower in forward delivery dates.
|A vessel carrying oil usually on rivers - containing between 8,000 to 50,000 bbl or weighing 1,000 to 10,000mt. In the US, barges can be up to 100,000 bbl, and some are even a bit larger.
|A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products. 1 barrel equals 42 US gallons, 35 imperial gallons or 159 liters.
|Bill of Lading
|Documentation associated with a specific cargo of oil and is signed by the captain of the ship and the contract supplier.
|A component combined with other materials to produce a finished refined product.
|BPAP / ANSI
|BP Agreed Prices for propane and butane published in Argus International LPG. Since 1 November 2006 renamed to ANSI, standing for the Argus North Sea LPG index (fob).
|Bottom sediment and water, usually expressed as a percentage by weight.
|British Thermal Unit
|Benzene, toluene and xylene.
|The process for removing benzene, toluene and xylene from reformate or pyrolysis asoline.
|A residual fuel used as ship's fuel, usually has a high sulfur content and high viscosity.
|Feedstock to a catalytic cracker, usually vacuum gasoil.
|(cat naphtha) A gasoline blending component made in a cat cracker.
|A paraffinic hydrocarbon used hydrocarbon used as an additive in diesel fuel.
|Number equal to the percentage by volume of cetane added to basic diesel fuel to achieve specific ignition performance characteristics.
|Cost and Freight
|Contract For Differences. A type of crude oil swap.
|Cold filter plugging point
|Cost, insurance and freight charges for shipping products. CIF prices include these charges.
|The temperature at which a fuel, when cooled, begins to congeal and take on a cloudy appearance due to bonding of paraffins.
|Charterer not revealed
|Contract of affreightment between ship owner and charterer.
|Market situation where prices are progressively higher for forward delivery dates than for nearer delivery dates.
|Molecules broken by certain refining processes...the opposite of straight-run.
|Residue remaining after a straight run fuel has been processed by enhanced refining methods such as catalytic cracking.
|Terms of payment, i.e. 5, 10 days.
|Centistokes - A way of measuring viscosity similar to seconds.
|The detention of a vessel in loading or unloading beyond the time agreed upon. Demurrage charges are usually incurred for any delay.
|Directorate of Engine Research and Development. It is a UK Ministry of Defense jet fuel specification.
|A measure of the ignition quality of a diesel fuel calculated from a formula involving the gravity of the fuel and its aniline point.
|Differential, usually between two prices.
|C.I.S. high sulfur straight-run feedstock. Formerly called F-10.
|Exchange of futures for physicals.
|Fluid catalytic cracking unit.
|Material used in a processing plant.
|First class charterer
|Fluid catalytic cracker or cat unit.
|The lowest temperature under very specific conditions at which a combustible liquid will give off sufficient vapor to form a flammable mixture with air in a standardized vessel. Assesses the volatility of the product.
|Free on board. fob prices exclude all, insurance and freight charge
|Fuel Oil Domestique
|Free on rail
|The first substantial oil field in the British sector of the North Sea.
|Free on truck
|An intermediate distillate product used for diesel fuel, heating fuel and sometimes as feedstock. Term is often used interchangeably with No. 2 heating oil.
|Grams per liter
|GOM or G.M.
|Gasoil Moteur -- French gasoil spec.
|Formerly three railroad companies in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Group 3 now refers to the pipeline price of petroleum commodities from Tulsa to Minnesota.
|South Texas reporting group. In December 1982, this group stopped reporting and was replaced the following year by Group 140.
|Conway, Kansas group of propane producers, replaced Group 120 in January 1983.
|Hydrodealkylation, a process used for making benzene from toluene.
|Heavy crude oil
|Has API gravity lower than 28 degrees. The lower the API gravity, the heavier the oil.
|Hong Kong dollar
|Heavy Louisiana Sweet
|High sulfur fuel oil
|Indian Oil Corp.
|Intercontinental Exchange; previously IPE - International Petroleum Exchange
|A gasoline blendstock made in an isomerization unit
|one thousand metric tons.
|Landed Cost (of oil)
|The cost of oil off-loaded at a port. Similar to CIF, but would also include any duties fees or taxes.
|Tankers and barges loading petroleum at a terminal or transfer point.
|Light crude oil
|Has an API gravity higher than 33 degrees. The higher the API gravity, the lighter the crude oil.
|Light products, light ends
|The group of petroleum products with lower boiling temperatures including gasolines and distillate fuels.
|Light Louisiana Sweet
|Liquefied natural gas
|Liquefied petroleum gases such as propane and butane produced at refineries or natural gas processing plants, including plants that fractionate raw natural gas plant liquids.
|Low sulfur fuel oil
|Low sulfur waxy residual fuel oil
|Light virgin naphtha
|A standard measurement: averages 7.33 barrels of crude oil.
|Unleaded gasoline with a 89 R+M/2 octane rating.
|Abbreviation for motor gasoline
|Motor Octane Number
|Methyl tertiary butyl ether -- an octane booster and oxygenate used for gasoline blending.
|Straight-run gasoline fractions. Used as a feedstock for reforming and as a petrochemical feedstock.
|Naphthenes and aromatics
|A high naphthenes content
|Usually favored as reformer feedstock.
|Natural gas liquids. Includes ethane, propane, butane and condensate.
|Notice of readiness
|New York Mercantile Exchange
|A measure of the detonation quality of gasoline. The higher the octane number, the higher the resistance to engine knock.
|A group of petrochemicals characterized by their straight or branched structure. Includes ethylene, the largest volume petrochemical, and propylene and butadiene.
|Quantity of oil unloaded from vessel at discharge point.
|Oxygen-containing blend stocks favored for their octane and their clean burning quality. Includes MTBE and ethanol.
|Petroleum Allocation for Defense District. A group of five geographic areas in the US used in reference to petroleum distribution.
|A high paraffins content
|Usually favored quality of naphtha for ethylene plant feedstock.
|Chemicals derived from petroleum; feedstocks for the manufacture of plastics and synthetic rubber. Petrochemicals include benzene, toluene, xylene, styrene, and methanol.
|Persian Gulf (Same as Arab Gulf--AG)
|Made from monomers. The most common include widely traded plastics like polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene.
|Paraffins, olefins, naphthenes and aromatics content.
|A statement of the price requested by a seller of crude oil or products. The "list price."
|Lowest temperature which oil will readily flow without disturbance when chilled.
|Parts per million
|Pyrolysis gasoline. A naphtha-range product with a high aromatics content used either for gasoline blending or as a feedstock for a BTX extraction unit. Pygas is produced in an ethylene plant that processes butane, naphtha or gasoil.
|Selling to petroleum jobbers or other resellers FOB at the refinery, with the customer picking up transportation charges. The price of petroleum products at the refinery loading rack; cash and carry at the refinery's loading dock.
|A high-aromatics, high-octane product made in a reformer and used to blend motor gasoline or aviation gasoline.
|Regular gasoline. Usually contains lead.
|Regular unleaded gasoline.
|Residual fuel oils
|Research Octane Number plus Motor Octane Number divided by 2. A gasoline octane designation commonly used in the US
|Rate not revealed
|Research octane number
|Regular sulfur fuel oil
|Reid vapor pressure, a measure of a gasoline's volatility.
|Singapore Monetary Exchange
|Definitions which describes the degree of a given crude's sulfur content. Sour refers to high sulfur and sweet to low-sulfur.
|Strategic Petroleum Reserve in the US
|(Ethylene plant) A petrochemical plant that produces olefins, particularly ethylene, and, in some cases, aromatics.
|Material which has come straight from an atmospheric distillation unit and has not been cracked or reformed, and which is usually used as a feedstock or as a utility fuel.
|Ultra large crude carrier; has capacity for 320,000 to 600,000 dwt.
|US Atlantic Coast
|United States Gulf
|US West Coast
|Metal present in certain types of fuel
|Vacuum gasoil, also known as cat feed. Feedstock for fluid catalytic cracker used to make gasoline, No.2 oil and other byproducts.
|VIS or VISC
|Viscosity. A measure of a liquid's resistance to flow. Several viscosity scales are used depending on the type of oil being measured.
|Very large crude carrier; has capacity for 200,000 to 320,000 dwt.
|West Texas Intermediate. The WTI spot price of crude is reported from Cushing, Oklahoma.
|West Texas Sour